Foot care tips for monsoon treks

Most people don’t associate monsoons with appropriate trekking weather. Nevertheless, fog and mist provide an enchanting interplay between clouds and mountains that makes even the most mundane trek that much more special. However, the wet weather conditions take a heavy toll on your feet.

Because happy feet in monsoon treks lead to scenes like this

Nevertheless, this can be mitigated to a large extent by following these simple tips. We’ve distilled these tips after weeks of wet weather trekking from the mighty Himalayas to the delightful Western Ghats.

Table Of contents

1 – Avoid waterproof boots

This may sound strange for a novice trekker yet there is no such thing as waterproof boots. With enough exposure, water will get in your boots either via the top or eventually, the waterproof fabric will fail. However, when water does get in waterproof boots, it stays in.

The problem with most waterproof fabrics is that despite marketing claims to the contrary they do not vent well. GoreTex® or any other DWR coating significantly reduces the ability of a shoe to vent moisture and perspiration. Feet trapped in waterproof boots are prone to maceration and painful blisters. This is the reason I prefer non-waterproof, lightweight trail running shoes. These shoes get wet soon but they also dry out equally quick.

2 – Three pairs of socks for each multi-day trek

On monsoon treks or on treks where I am certain that my feet will get wet (lots of stream crossings), I carry three pairs of socks. Two pairs of walking socks and a pair of night socks. On the trail, I take a ten-minute break every two hours. During this break, I remove my shoes and socks and let my feet breathe and then change back into the alternative day sock. If there is a close clean water source I make it a point to wash (without detergent) the socks that I’ve taken off. Washed socks are then strapped to the backpack. Washing ensures any grit, twig or mud that may be trapped in the socks is removed which leads to blister-free feet.

“Give your feet a chance to rejuvenate themselves and what better time to do it than at night.”

I keep my night socks inside a watertight garbage bag in our backpack. After setting up camp I air my feet, apply vaseline and then cover my feet in the clean and dry pair of night socks. This ensures that our feet stay moisturised and dry for at least eight hours a day and are ready for the next day’s water exposure.

3 – Thin synthetic socks or merino wool socks

Merino wool is my choice for trekking socks. Merino wool is a natural fabric and feels natural and comfortable against the skin. Merino wool also offers remarkable wicking property and wool will keep you warm despite getting wet. Merino wool fibres and fabrics can absorb up to 30% of their dry weight before feeling wet. Most synthetics feel wet after they absorb less than 7%.

On the flip side, merino wool socks are almost impossible to source in India. However, if you travel abroad often then it is worthwhile to invest in merino wool clothing made by brands like Icebreaker or Smartwool. Once you are used to merino wool, there is no turning back.

“Remember that not all Polyester is constructed equal, so don’t buy the cheapest pair of socks.”

For those of us who cannot lay our hands on expensive merino wool socks, the alternative is to wear the thinnest pair of synthetic socks you can afford. Most synthetic socks are made of Polyamide and Polyester with a bit of elastic. However, remember that not all Polyester is constructed equally. Better quality Polyamide and Polyester ensures better wicking. However, there is no objective way to judge whether a sock manufacturer uses better quality Polyester. Therefore, I recommend that you experiment with different brands and do not buy the cheapest pair of socks.

4 – Vaseline

Dry feet (especially heels) lead to painful cracks which take the fun out of a trek. Well-moisturised feet absorb less water and are less prone to maceration.

Yellow Petroleum Jelly a.k.a. Vaseline (the imported variety) is the best moisturiser for your feet. Moisturised feet are less prone to maceration.

After experimenting with various foot salves and moisturisers I have zeroed on Petroleum Jelly as the most cost-effective and efficient foot moisturising salve. If you can afford it, I recommend buying imported cocoa butter Vaseline. You can find it in most local supermarkets or online ( Available on Amazon India ). Imported Vaseline works much better than the locally available variety and this is not a placebo effect. I usually buy the biggest pack I can find because it is the most cost-effective. However, I do not carry the entire bottle on my treks. To keep things lightweight, I carry a small amount of Vaseline in an old school camera film canister. Camera film canister is air and watertight and one Vaseline filled canister lasts 7 days.

5 – Timely intervention

A stitch in time saves nine. This is especially true for foot care. A hotspot or a blister, if nipped in the bud will make your trek that much more comfortable and enjoyable.

Compeed Blister Plasters work well for me. Another alternative brand is Dr Scholl.

It may seem obvious but I’ve seen trekkers go on long treks in a pair of shoes that are brand new. While lightweight shoes do not need a break in yet, wearing them on short non-critical treks will help them adjust to your feet and give you an idea if they chafe or form hotspots against different parts of your feet. This information is important as hotspots and chafing can be mitigated with a good shoe-lacing technique. Oh! There is one more thing -

Shoelace technique

Do not accept the default lacing pattern that comes with your shoe. Most of these patterns are not optimal. Learn 3 lacing patterns and experiment with them to see which one keeps the shoe snug against your foot. The hallmark of a good lacing pattern is that it is easy to adjust, keeps the heel snug in the heel box and reduces friction in the toe box.

Another thing worth experimenting is looking for shoes that offer alternatives to traditional laces. After 3 months of using Decathlon’s Quechua Forclaz Flex 3, I have developed a fondness for the quick-draw lacing system. It’s fast, versatile and has proven robust so far.